Activated Fat was developed by the University of Milan after several years of research funded by Neurogel Running.
The activated fat comes from the fatty tissue of the patient.
This adipose tissue contains stem cells, in particular mesenchymal stem cells.
The innovative aspect of the therapy was to use adipose tissue as a three-dimensional matrix for cell growth.
A specific mechanical activation of adipose tissue confers on the adipose tissue and the stem cells it contains clearly amplified natural characteristics:
– longer life in an ischemic environment (poor circulation and lack of oxygen)
– highly amplified anti-inflammatory factors
– the key expression of genes involving the regeneration of cell tissue
– immunosuppressive factors that block growth inhibitors
Mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue
It is mainly in bones and fatty tissue that stem cells are found which are able to recreate other cells in the human body.
These cells are called the mesenchymal stem cells discovered in the early 1990s.
Mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue have been the subject of significant research for several years. The fatty tissue is easy to extract and without risk to the patient. It is also relatively easy to extract mesenchymal stem cells from fatty tissue. They are also found to be able to generate in culture different cells of muscle, bones, tendons and neuronal cells
Unfortunately, mesenchymal stem cells are indeed capable of differentiating into muscle, cartilage, bone and nerve cells IN VITRO, but attempts in VIVO do not give the expected results. These cells do not survive long enough and do not have the time or capacity to properly generate new cell tissue.
Different cultivation methods are implemented and tested around the world to overcome this problem.
The concept of mechano-transduction with activated fat
In studies conducted by the University of Milan, the basic principle was to leave the mesenchymal stem cells in their natural environment: adipose tissue.
By applying various orbital and helical forces to adipose tissue under a certain pressure and defined times, a phenomenon of tissue stress is created which will generate a cascade of events within the adipose tissue.
The mesenchymal stem cells will then develop regenerative and regulatory capacities of the tissue while also stopping inflammation.
They will act as a control tower and again express the key factors of tissue regeneration.
This action on cells by mechanical forces is called mechanotransduction. The cells then overexpress genes and cytokines that are hardly found in adipose tissue.
This mechanical action changes tissue expression without genetic modification. This is called epigenetics. .
Some scientific data on the properties of fat with or without activation
To learn more about the subject, you can read Michèle Zander's translation of the International article Journal of molecular Sciences, including the table on page 4. This is a simplified document on the activation of fat tissue.
So with this mechanotransduction treatment induced via these cells, here is what happens:
– High levels of IL-15 then directly inhibit adipogenesis, but for fat in this case high levels of IL-15 make the tissue highly IN VIVO IMMUNOSUPPRESSOR.
– High levels of TSG-6 also decrease adipogenesis but also increase in fat with powerful effects IN VIVO ANTI-INFLAMMATORY.
– Significant levels of OCT4 and SOX2 are essential transcription factors for CELLULAR RENEWAL.
– With high levels of nano-g hADSCs are able to survive, migrate to damaged sites, and become NEURAL STEM CELLS AFTER TRANSFORMATION AND THIS IN VIVO.
So here we are with a so-called activated fat in which we actually find:
– A new kind of neural stem cells which are resistant to growth inhibitors by powerful immunosuppressive factors.
– New neural stem cells that induce neuroprotection by powerful anti-inflammatory factors.
– New neural stem cells capable of multiplying in vivo and differentiating into neurons and / or oligodendrocytes.